There are many untouched monuments in Central Asia's architecture. The most ancient of these is the Arab-ota Mausoleum that is preserved in the territory of Movarounnahr. This monument was built in Movarounnahr in the 9th-10th centuries. Current address: Tim village, Nurobod district, Samarkand region.
This mausoleum,which was built in 978 in Tim's village, forms a rectangular figure at 8x8,70 meters. The mausoleum is a high-heeled, entrance to the mausoleum is brought into a rectangular room through the roof, and the room is finished with a dome.
The kufic note, which was preserved in the mausoleum, was discovered that the monument was built during the reign of BukharanSamanids dynasty Nuh ibn Mansur(977-997). This is the period in Central Asia where scientists, such as Abu RayhonBeruni(973-1048) and Abu Ali ibn Sino(980-1037),are the famous scholars. When visiting the architectural miracle in the village of Tim, we remember the creator, Memor. After all, his wonderful creations seem to have a great culture of his intellectuals.
The monument is absolutely unmatched in architectural sense. It is one of the oldest in the history of the Central Asian mausoleums. V.V. Bartold stated in 1992 that the Towerof Kobus, built in 1006-1007, was the oldest in Muslim architecture. The monument in Tim(367Hijri) was completed in the month of al-Rabi al- Thani in October in 977. The roof of the tomb also clarifies the debate on the emergence and development of such a form in Central Asian architecture. Older cultural centres are far away from the cities of Bukhara, Samarkand, Nasaf(Karshi) and Kesh(Shahrisabz), and the architectural miracle at the desert, outside the busy roads, appears to be coincidental. Further investigations revealed the truth. History-writer Ibn al- Faqih(10th century) and Yakut(13 th century) indicated that in the Middle Ages, Tim' s address to Sogdiana was one of the most famous cities.
Archaeological research has proved that Tim is at the intersection of Samarkand to Bukhara, from Nasaf to the Zarafshon Oasis and more precisely to the city of Kushan in the capital. Unfortunately, the place of Kushan is still unknown.
The artistic genius of the architect is undoubtedly amazing. The mausoleum "Arab-ota" in Tim,the main achievements of the medieval architecture is reflected. It will help identify the origins of forms and ideas in the development of local architecture.
The roof of the mausoleum is unusual. The sides of the roof are slightly bent. The entrance roof forms half of the roof. At the top of the roof there are three equal hexagonal gratings on the top, with a flat spine on its top. In the roof decor, it reflects a stunning complex of almond shapes. The vertical lines of bricks are made up of S shapes. The building is surrounded by a square(5,5x5,6meters) and covered with dome.
Magnificent roof is on the front. The top of the door is decorated with a complex geometric ornament-bar code. The bases of the rocks are in the form of a pillar of the elbow, with three nicely mowed nipples. The outer rectangle of the building is completed with an eight-edged bouquet of bouquets. Under the wall a stone is laid.
When creating the architectural image of the building, it is certainly based on the aesthetic requirements of his time and the centuries-old experience. The artistic style that defines the structure of the building is simply an example of a charming architectural design. The outer and inner surfaces are arranged in a series of bricks and their edges are well-arranged. As a result, the surface of the wall gives a brick tissue impression.
The elegant jewelry sculpture of the architectural masterpiece created a variety of floral decorations. Particularly rich in roof decorations. Here we see the Islamic and Churh inscriptions.
Inside the building, the tissues are becoming thicker. The bottom part of the gym is eight edges. Each side has an elegant pillar. The normal shape of the column is composed of other embodiments, the herbicidal forms are apparent. In summary,this monument, which was built by a talented unknown architect, is a unique resourse in Central Asia. We believe that this historical obedience will find its place in the field of science.